Christmas is celebrated on the 7th of January in the Julian Calendar. This date is observed by Orthodox Christians from Central and Eastern Europe, and a minority of Christians in African and Middle Eastern countries. This year, President Putin attended Christmas services at Yuriev Monastery, outside Novgorod. Every year, he attends a rural church of his choosing for this purpose. Meanwhile, Patriarch Kirill of Moscow held the official Orthodox Christmas ceremony at the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, in Moscow.